Proper cooking and kitchen sanitation are the keys to avoiding salmonella poisoning. Meat and seafood must be fully cooked to kill the bacteria.

Salmonella is a common bacteria appearing in animals and humans. It easily is transmitted between them, making it the most common cause of food poisoning.

Proper cooking and kitchen sanitation are the keys to avoiding it. Meat and seafood must be fully cooked to kill the bacteria. Any utensil or cutting board must be washed before further use. Hands touching food should be washed immediately.

Salmonella symptoms occur a few hours after exposure. It takes large amounts to sicken adults, but children are very susceptible to even small amounts. The disease can cause severe diarrhea resulting in dehydration. It is mild in healthy adults but dangerous in children and people with weakened immune systems.

It was named for its discoverer, pathologist Daniel Elmer Salmon, and is not related to salmon fish.

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